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Republic of Nicaragua Flag Raising Ceremony 2022
September 16 @ 12:00 pm - 12:30 pm
The City of Jersey City, Mayor Steven Fulop, the Municipal Council Members and the Office of Cultural Affairs do hereby congratulate Mesa de Trabajo, Diaspora Nicaraguense en New Jersey and its members in Jersey City on the 201st Anniversary of Independence of Republic of Nicaragua during the Flag Raising Ceremony on Friday, September 16, 2022. The national anthems of two nations were played one after the other.
In the heart of Central America, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, Nicaragua truly deserves the descriptive nickname of “The Land of Lakes and Volcanoes.” Nicaragua, is a Central American nation known for its dramatic terrain of lakes, volcanoes and beaches. Vast Lake Managua and the iconic stratovolcano Momotombo sit north of the capital Managua. To its south is Granada, noted for its Spanish colonial architecture and an archipelago of navigable islets rich in tropical bird life. Visitors to Nicaragua are able to enjoy the natural beauty of dozens of volcanoes, rivers, and lakes, as well as two oceans.
Under Spanish rule, Nicaragua formed a part of the “Captaincy-General of Guatemala,” an administrative region in Central America. Spanish control over the area was threatened in the early 1800s as the struggle for independence began first in El Salvador which then spread throughout the region. The colonies felt injustice in trade restrictions placed by Spain that didn’t allow them to trade with nations other than Spain. Furthermore, the Spanish imposed trading rates which served to be advantageous only for the Spanish merchants. Resentment towards the domination of the Spanish-born elites by the creoles, people of European ancestry born into the colonized regions (the New World), further pushed people to fight for independence. Officially, the Province of Nicaragua refused to join the fight; however it could not stop a popular uprising from breaking out. Weakened by the Fresh invasion in 1794 and the internal upheaval in the Captaincy-General, the Spanish were not able to fully repress the independence movements. So on September 15, 1821, the Captaincy-General of Guatemala declared their independence from Spain, marking the Independence Day for Nicaragua as well.
Some efforts from Mexico were made to bring the region under their control, but didn’t last long as the provinces successfully resisted (except Chiapas). The provinces instead formed their own independence administration of the United Provinces of Central America which included the modern states of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras and Panama. However internal conflicts and the provinces’ different interests soon led the federation to dissolve, and on April 30, 1838 Nicaragua declared full independence.